New Media 2016-2017 by Gloria Boone
What is New Media?
It is digital media, social media, streaming media, interactive media.
New Media includes the Internet,websites, mobile devices, email, chat, streaming audio and video, computer games, podcasts, Internet telephony, and social media.
New media uses hyperlinks to interconnect the audience with other people and places. New media can be interactive allowing the audience to create new content and react to existing content.
New Media is digital, on-demand,and interconnected and online. New Media has created a convergence of old media. For example, your smart phone is now a phone, a digital camera, a clock, an email device, a way of reaching websites, chat, online video, online music, and information stored in the cloud.
How many people are on the Internet?
By June 2017, over 3.835 billion people are using the Internet, which corresponds to over 51% of the world's population according to Internet World Statistics. That is a 962% growth in internet users since 2000. They estimated 2.405 billion people were using the Internet by the end of June 2012 (see http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm)
Top 20 nations online. In 2017, China has over 1.388 billion Internet users (53%). India has 1.342 billion internet users (34%). The United States has over 286 million Internet users (88%) in June 2017.
The World Bank estimates that 88% of American are now online.
Demographics of Internet users in the United States (Pew, 2017). See the charts on age, gender, race, income and education.
What do people do online?
Search- About 63% of all web searches are on Google.
The most popular website sites according to ComScore.
Messaging apps- The big 4 messaging app (WhatsApp, Messenger, WeChat, and Viber) have more monthly users than the big 4 in Social media.
Social Media Demographics in the USA from Pew Internet.
How Large is the Internet?
There are over 1.245 billion websites in 2017 (http://www.internetlivestats.com/total-number-of-websites/). See the examples of the first website, or Yahoo in 1994, or Amazon in 1995.
From one website in August 1991 (By Tim Berner-Lee), there are were over 1 billion websites in 2014.
Microsoft is now the server for over 53% of all websites. Apache has 19%, and nginx has 15% (https://news.netcraft.com/archives/category/web-server-survey/)
According to the Internet Systems Consortium (ISC), as of 2017 there were 1 billion IP hosts.
You need an IP host to connect to the Internet.
The largest domain categories is .net and second is .com
Here are the domain categories and country domain codes.
Some countries like Chad, North Korea, or Iraq have few internet providers.
ISP providers and website domains are connected by routers to major backbones of the Internet.
A backbone are those very large networks or trunks on the Internet were Internet Exchange Point (IXP) occur. An example of an IXP is MAE-East that is on the east coast of the United States.List of Major Backbones Networks
How Much traffic is on the Internet?
See the Slides from Dr.Robert Pepper's Report- Cicso VNI Global Forecast
How much is a Zettabyte? see
@ 2017 GMBOONE